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Prachaburi UprisingPcbr.png
Date 8 September 4611 - 11 November 4614
Location Prachaburi, Kingdom of Suriya

Result

Suriyan Government Victory

Belligerents
KingdomofSuriya.pngGovernment of Suriya PLAflag2.pngPeople's Liberation Alliance
Supported by:
Flag of Gaia.pngImperial Union of Gaia
Commanders and leaders
KingdomofSuriya.pngPrince Chatmanu PLAflag2.pngSaengchon Khongpiya †
KingdomofSuriya.pngUthai Dechasingh

PLAflag2.pngParesh Raksapol †

Royal Suriyan Armed Forces.png Tharith Chaisriha PLAflag2.pngThakorn Jiaranai †
Bhanubhong Lekkhla PLAflag2.pngJong Hemmasak †
PLAflag2.pngBhannarin Hemmasak †
PLAflag2.pngPongsapat Kitklai †
PLAflag2.pngSinchat Chaipipat †
PLAflag2.pngNapat Chaiyanon (POW)
PLAflag2.pngRangsimant Kaewthong †
PLAflag2.pngManisa Sriprasert (POW)
PLAflag2.pngJohn Winterson †
PLAflag2.pngJean Pavie †
PLAflag2.pngAnthony Gregor †
Strength
Royal Suriyan Armed Forces.pngRSARF: 70,000+ PLAflag2.pngPLA: 30,000+
RSP: 20,000+
Flag of Gaia.png GDF: 1,700+
Casualties and losses

RSARF: 2,300+ killed, 17,000-19,000 wounded

RSP: 2,000+ killed, 9,200 wounded

PLA: 9,400+ killed, 13,000-15,000+ wounded

Civilians: 580+ killed, 20,800+ wounded

The Prachaburi Uprising also known as the Suriyan Civil War is the insurgency crisis that occurred in Suriya from 4611 to 4614. The conflicts rooted since the "fearful" reign of King Saengsrichai (Suriyathibodi XV) which resulted in the distrust of the citizens.

The pro-republican movement includes the Suriyans and foreigners starts the riot across the Prachaburi District, aiming to depressed the current monarch to abolish the monarchy but the government and loyalists decided to stop the spreading of rebels with decisive actions.

Background

The enthronement of King Saengsrichai marks the end of the Bhanuwong monarch from direct blood. Resulted in the separation within the courtiers and some royal family members. During the Crown Prince Crisis, the king had purged all his enemies and ordered the banishment of the former King Chotiravindara's descendants from the royal family due to their mutiny. Followed by the removal of royal servants, arrested of the activists, and later the mysterious death of the royal family members, some people even described King Saengsrichai's reign as the "Regime of Fear". 

At the end of the reign of King Saengsrichai, many underground movements had been established which consisted of the pro-republican activists and students. Regardless, there are no actions within the movements until the reign of King Bhanuchoti (Suriyathibodi XVIII), the descendant of Saengsrichai. The young king is under the attention of his regent, Prince Chatmanu, king's uncle. Since the king did not perform any royal activities and the conflicts within the Suriyan politics, the resistance took this opportunity to plot an uprising against the government and royal family using Nawarat as a meeting point. Nevertheless, the plan was leaked to the government. The Prime Minister, therefore, warned the protesters not to close the city for protest or it could affect the economy, but the said announcement is not effective. 

On 8 September 4611, more than 30,000 protesters gathered in Prachaburi instead of the capital city, the demonstrators settled for four days, closing all streets along with a speech from the protest leaders. The government sent the riot polices to handle the situation, but the actions of the protestors began to intensify, destruction of properties in the surrounding area and attacking the polices. Later, the polices instructed to use the rubber bullets against the protestors, but the news had been made among protesters that officials have used real bullets against them. As a result, a group of protesters disguised as Suriyan soldiers secretly entered into Fort Palanon and steal military weapons including rifles, missile launchers, grenades, and vehicles. Even with soldiers seeing and trying to dissuade, but were fired at by the protesters. In the end, the perpetrators escaped with eight military trucks full of weapons and ammunition, heading to the protesting area. The army failed to arrest the culprits because of the blockade by protesters in the form of a human wall.

On 10 September 4611, The situation deteriorated when the troopers besiege the demonstrators in order to retrieve the stolen equipment, but the resistance from the protesters is also intensifying, the grenades had been thrown at the riot polices as well as the spray of bullets. The officials start losing control and leave the area, with more than 37 injured. On 12 September 4611, almost two-thirds of Prachaburi is under the possession of the protesters. In the afternoon of that day, leaders of the protesters issued an announcement, declaring that they are the "thirteen leaders of the People's Liberation Alliance" or "13PLAs" and they will never stop protesting until the government abides by five requirements:

  • Prime Minister Uthai Dechasingh and the government resigned
  • King Bhanuchoti abolished the monarchy and give all the royal court area to the public
  • Disband Palang Chat, Suriyan Samakkhi, and Pracha Num Chat parties
  • Stop enlisting and change Royal Suriyan Armed Forces to Suriyan Defense Forces
  • Change the capital city from Nawarat to Prachaburi

The government absolutely refused to comply with the requests of 13PLAs, stating that the request is impossible because it will affect the security of the country and ordered protesters to dissolve by September 15, 4611. When the deal is rejected, the protest leaders warned the government that they will elevate the demonstration and intimidate to fight everything that threatens them.

"The reason we stole weapons from Fort Palanon is that we have heard of soldiers plan to use real ammunition for this protest. Thanks to the soldier who finally stand for people and real freedom, they let us stole it and also fight along with us. Now we, PLA will never lose to tyrants and clutches of the powerless deity!" - Pongsapat Kitklai, one of 13PLAs.

The early flag of the PLA.

The official flag of the PLA.

On 15 September 4611, the armed conflict broke out when the polices were ambushed by the protesters, 38 officers injured, 9 were fatal injured and later, 1 of 9 officers died from injury while around 70 protesters injured. The government declared martial law nationwide and designated the People's Liberation Alliance (PLA) as terrorist organizations, the prime minister warned parents of the students that attending the rally to contact and bring them out before the authorities took control of the situation on 16 September 4611. Later, around 300 students and citizens sneaking out and surrendered to the officials. The 13PLAs declared that those who surrendered is a coward and the enemy of freedom.

On the morning of 16 September 4611, Suriyan soldier and police forces had entered Prachaburi to subdue the so-called rebels.

Timeline

​​​​​Prelude

The first official clashes between the armed forces and the armed protesters occurred in Sri Chon District on 16 September 4611. Both sides focusing on suppressive fire on each other along the streets and buildings. The government forces' objective is to evacuate the local people from the front lines, while the rebels using guerrilla tactics by sneaking and attacking from buildings, the army resolved by using the IMVs for cover from the spray of bullets during the escort mission. Another important event was the Suriyan family, consisting of Mr. Pichet Kunabhong and Pichaya, his pregnant wife, along with two children, were trapped in the midst of clashes and were unable to leave since the beginning of the battle. Suriyan polices, therefore, set up a special squad to help them directly. The rescue mission took more than 5 hours to safely bring the Kunabhong family out thanks to the firing support by the army.

On 25 September 4611, all citizens of Prachaburi had been evacuated from the combat zone, therefore, the army changed the strategy from escort mission to full-scale assault, APCs were introduced to the battlefield to support the infantry as well as the mortars to suppress the rebels. More than 9,000 Suriyan soldiers and polices trying to siege the rebels, nevertheless, the PLAs used the stolen landmines and rocket launchers to evict the government forces and build the barricades along the frontline. Most casualties of the soldiers and police were caused by landmines, more than 200 EOD personnel were sent to the war zone to assist in searching and demolishing the IEDs. Within mid-September to early November, 21 soldiers and polices were killed and 88 injured, while 57 rebels killed and 113 injured.

Assassination attempts

The conflicts that occurred in Prachaburi province have had a large impact not only on the economy and tourism, political figures including the prime minister, the regent and the king were also targeted by the rebels. There have been 3 attempts to assassinate the prime minister Uthai Dechasingh, but unsuccessful. Prince Chatmanu, the regent, was attacked by a rebel trying to drive a car into his royal convoy, but the Raja Ongkharak was able to kill the perpetrator before reaching the prince's car. Prince Chatmanu said that the actions of the rebels were "outrageous and unacceptable", therefore, he ordered the addition of utmost safeguarding measures for members of the royal family, there were personnel transfers from the special forces to the Raja Ongkharak regiment, the royal visits were canceled as well as royal activities and religious ceremonies.

The rebels also attempt to assassinate the king four times. Twice at Theprangsi University, where he is studying, one more attempt while returning to the royal palace and the last attempt while Bhanuchoti visiting his mother at Thepjuti Palace, all attempts were unsuccessful thanks to the Raja Ongkharak regiment. Sinchat Chaipipat places 1,000,000 duang bounty for Bhanuchoti, the government then responded by offers 10,000,000 duang bounty on Sinchat Chaipipat. Later, Sinchai withdrew the said statement by saying that it was a hoax.

Many ambassadors, such as Ramthep, Ailuros, and Gaia, have suggested that the king and his family should move to seek refuge in other countries for safety. But the king rejected every proposal, said that he had not finished studying, and did not see that it was necessary to leave his homeland and people who believed in him.

On the night of 6 January, there was a special live broadcast by the king himself.

"Greetings, all brave and sacrificial people of Suriya. As head of state and heir to the Bhanuwong dynasty, I was profoundly worried about the turmoil circumstance. Despite the source of the contention, everybody has the privilege to demand the problems, which is a right that can be done in the Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Notwithstanding, utilizing viciousness is a demonstration that can't end this controversy, and each and everything will be more deteriorate. In such a manner, I want to utilize peaceful means to end this issue. I would like to invite the government and the protest leaders to a video conference with me and find a solution. To bring peace to our beloved Suriya again."

The rebels did not seem to refuse. However, they only sent Jong and Bhannarin Hemmasak as the representatives to join the online conference with the king and the government. The situation looks calm and normal until three hours passed the rebels decided to ask to leave the conversation to consult with other rebel leaders, therefore the meeting ends.

Siege of Fort Palanon

Siege of Fort PalanonSOPB.jpg
Date  7 January - 8 January 4612
Location Fort Palanon, Prachaburi, Suriya

Result

PLA tactical victory

RSARF strategic victory

Belligerents
Royal Suriyan Armed Forces.pngRoyal Suriyan Armed Forces PLAflag2.pngPeople's Liberation Alliance
Royal Suriyan Police
Commanders and leaders
Royal Suriyan Armed Forces.png Tharith Chaisriha PLAflag2.pngSaengchon Khongpiya
Bhanubhong Lekkhla

PLAflag2.pngParesh Raksapol

PLAflag2.pngPongsapat Kitklai 
PLAflag2.pngSinchat Chaipipat †
PLAflag2.pngRangsimant Kaewthong †
Strength
Royal Suriyan Armed Forces.pngRSARF: 3,000+ PLAflag2.pngPLA: 870+
RSP: 500+
Casualties and losses

RSARF: 188 killed, 1,056 wounded

RSP: 73 killed, 558 wounded

PLA: 407 killed, 301 wounded, 43 captured

Civilians: 26 killed, 82 wounded

At 1 a.m. on the morning of 7 January, more than 600 rebels had besieged Fort Palanon, which has only 270 active soldiers. The army to fail in defending the attack and needs to evacuate from the camp, but the mission was too difficult to process, resulting in 7 soldiers killed and 54 wounded. At 3 a.m., all the surviving soldiers were able to leave the camp successfully, with 4 rebels killed and 1 captured. The rebels transported various military weapons and equipment to reinforce their armed forces, most of which were all retired firearms (such as KSL63 rifle, KSLS60 rifle, and some KSLG40 grenade launcher) since the modern weapons had been previously relocated by the Suriyan soldiers.

Defense Minister Tharith Chaisriha ordered Lieutenant General Sorasit Chitchaiwat to command the 3rd and 4th Infantry Battalion of 12th Infantry Regiment to retrieve Fort Palanon. Thousands of soldiers have besieged the fort for hours, as the rebels constantly fired with bullets and rockets, causing the high number of casualties to soldiers and nearby civilians. The army, therefore, had to fusillade the fort with fire support from mortars and helicopter guns, which has achieved results as planned. At 15 p.m., government forces attacked the rebel base strongly at point-blank range. The rebels became weak due to lack of supplies, they began to flee and abandon their strongholds. The panic rebels had to confront the incoming troops, resulting in a large number of rebels killed and one of the dead was Rangsimant Kaewthong, one of the 13PLAs members, who speculated to led the rebels to attack Fort Palanon.

Later, the Thaluangfan Special Forces reported that it was able to kill Sinchat Chaipipat while meeting with a high-ranking member of the rebels. It is believed that Sinchat received orders from Major General Pongsapat Kitklai to send reinforcements to help the rebels that are still trapped in the fort. Major General Pongsapat Kitklai, a retired army general who defected to the rebels, is believed to be behind the two attacks of Fort Palanon. Tharith Chaisriha announced that "If a traitor returns to be a soldier, a brutal fate will come to him soon and it will be several thousand times more violent than other rebels. To pay for the oath that ever said in front of the flag and the king."

At 22 p.m., The situation was resolved, the army was able to seize the fort and be able to capture a number of rebels, most of whom agreed to disarm and surrender. In this clash, there were many casualties and deaths, both military and rebels. The military, despite having more deadly and modern weapons, but because the enemies are dressed almost as similar to civilians, making the mission difficult to process.

Internal conflicts of the PLA

For eight months, the PLA insurgents continue to fight with the government, causing supplies and weapons to become scarce. Resulting in them slowly becoming weaker as the leaders began to abandon their followers in the front line to fight alone without any support. Unarmed PLA members such as women, children, teens, and old people are forced to take weapons and sent into battle, and those who resist or escape will be shot. With external and internal pressure, more than a thousand unarmed PLAs attempt to flee from their control areas to surrender to the government. When Pongsapat Kitklai known of the incident, he ordered his crew to purge those who trying to escape, resulting in the death of more than eight hundred PLA members.

Boonsong Auewanich, who had escaped from the PLA purge, told the lives of those within the PLA control areas had deteriorated to the utmost. Their food consisted of only soups and instant noodles that had to be shared, which the armed groups could eat more than others for the reason that they have to battle the hostiles. On the other hand, leaders have better security and well-being than others, causing people to lose faith, and some even lose their minds due to surrounding pressure.

Many political and military critics have commented that the condition of the PLA is no different from the present society of Suriya. In terms of opportunity and inequality, except violence which is many times greater. Specifically, the phrase "die for freedom or to live like a slave" is the only thing that the extremist rebel leaders repeatedly said to their followers. Likewise, if they resist, they will face death as a traitor to the group's ideology.

Operation Crimson Sword

Operation Crimson SwordOPCS.jpg
Date 17 May 4612 - 8 October 4614
Location Prachaburi, Kingdom of Suriya

Result

RSARF decisive victory

Belligerents
Royal Suriyan Armed Forces.pngRoyal Suriyan Armed Forces PLAflag2.pngPeople's Liberation Alliance
Royal Suriyan Police
Commanders and leaders
Royal Suriyan Armed Forces.png Tharith Chaisriha PLAflag2.pngSaengchon Khongpiya
Bhanubhong Lekkhla

PLAflag2.pngParesh Raksapol †

PLAflag2.pngPongsapat Kitklai †
PLAflag2.pngJean Pavie †
PLAflag2.pngAnthony Gregor †
Strength
Royal Suriyan Armed Forces.pngRSARF: 65,000+ PLAflag2.pngPLA: 26,000+
RSP: 18,800+
Casualties and losses

RSARF: 2,081 killed, 15,900+ wounded

RSP: 1,435 killed, 8,700+ wounded

PLA: 8,900+ killed, 14,500+ wounded

Civilians: 567 killed, 4,720+ wounded

Operation Crimson Sword is a large scale assault executed by the Suriyan Government Forces on 17 May 4612. The goal of the operation aimed to encirclement and take control of the PLA territories categorically. The government forces intend to stop the prolonged conflicts to prevent further economic damages of the country and also the casualties. Planning for the operation had commenced as early as April and was developed simultaneously with plans to envelop and destroy the PLA divisions as much as possible.

The battle is considered one of the biggest military deployment in Suriya history, with more than sixty thousand soldiers and nearly twenty thousand policemen. The government resolved to allow the most damage to the city in order to end the war, therefore it approved the use of heavy weapons such as tanks, artillery, UAV, and fighter jets. The rebels began to panic when they learned of the government's plans and implemented new countermeasures using proactive defense alongside guerrilla warfare. The mines and IEDs were also increased to five layers, from the original three layers.

Foreign activist Jean Pavie and Anthony Gregor plan to evacuate to Svobodia to set up an external movement. The two disguised themselves as tourists and smuggled out at night but only reaching Rinburi. The SWAT team, which has been tracking, tried to obstruct their cars, resulting in a chase on the highway road. The police use spike strip to extract the movement of cars, resulting in the car losing controls and hit a light pole, killing both activists. Paresh Raksapol announced via social media that the government is making a major disaster and threatening to file a petition with the Kebir Blue Security Council to send foreign troops into Suriya. Which later Security The Council has called for the government to end the war with peaceful means but the Suriyan government is still ignoring. Manit Srisomchot, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, in response, "We have already used peace, but they did not. So why do we have to bow to these ideological fanatics? What a ridiculous request."

On 4 October 4612, the government forces were able to capture 31 percent of the PLA territories. With support from both land and air, the attack made progress in an advantage over the enemy and was able to free a small number of captive citizens. Nonetheless, fierce clashes resulted in losses for both factions, mainly from mines or suicide bombers that were the only effective strategy carried out by the PLAs. On 20 February 4613, the PLA has used human shields to counter the army. The human shield, mostly children and women, are expected to be forced to lure the military into traps that are full of snipers that lurking in the building, which will not only ambush the hostiles but also attack their own group that acts as a human shield if they think to escape. The plot of the rebels resulted in several deaths of government soldiers and those captured as human shields, the prime minister criticized the actions of the rebels as a crazy, inhuman and out of control.

On 13 June 4613, the government has announced that the Thaluangfan has assassinated Pongsapat Kitklai at his hideout. The death of Pongsapat Kitklai, the only PLA leader who is the soldier, caused the rebels to be in a state of chaos that it became a rift between the rebels who plan to escape to another country and the other side who wants to continue fighting. On 2 August 4613, the Suriyan Armed forces managed to capture 71 percent of the PLA territories. Follow by Paresh Raksapol who later found dead in his car believed to committed suicide or killed by his betrayer.

Throughout the beginning of the year to the middle of the year 4614, clashes between the government and the rebels continued, but only minor clashes. Until 8 October, the Suriyan Armed Forces had besieged all territories and liberate the city from the PLA. All survived rebel leaders went missing, leave their fatigued followers to be arrested by the army.

Hunting of 7PLAs 

After the government army was able to take Prachaburi back, the Ministry of Interior quickly proceeded to arrest the remaining seven PLA leaders as soon as possible. With the cooperation of the SWAT, RJOKR, and TSF, the government forces managed to arrest all rebel leaders, but some rebel leaders resisted the arrest and attempted to fight with the authorities, resulting in extrajudicial killings. One of them was Saengchon Khongpiya, the "de facto" supreme leader of the PLA who was shot in the head by the RJOKR. Other PLA leaders that were killed by the officials including Thakorn Jiaranai, Jong Hemmasak, Bhannarin Hemmasak, and John Winterson.

Aftermath

Events in Suriya

Throughout the course of the conflict, many parties have protested the actions of both the government and the rebels. There are peaceful protests in Nawarat and its surrounding provinces. Until the news of the attempt to assassinate the king and conflicts within the rebels began to spread. Causing most of the protests to turn specifically against rebels. In social media, the hashtags #DeathtoPLA and #SaveSuriya went viral as well as the hashtags of the PLA such as #SuriyanTruDem and #NewSuriyaNoCrownsNoTyrants. In addition, some Prachaburi people decided to help the officials fight the rebels because they wanted to protect their family's assets and therefore established secret movement "People for Salvation of Prachaburi" with more than 200 members. Nevertheless, the group was dissolved on 8 October at the request of the government. Prime Minister Uthai Dechasingh resigned on 30 October by mentioned that he failed to end this conflict in peaceful ways.

Global reactions

Riots in Suriya causing international concern. The SEAA countries have stood firmly in support of the Suriyan government to cease this turbulence. Apart from SEAA, Gaia also supported the Suriyan government by sending troops and strategic support units to assist the Suriyan army. Gaian intelligence units also cooperate with Royal Suriyan Police and RJOKR in the hunting for the PLA leaders. King Gavroche II of Erusea had sent a royal letter to King Bhanuchoti, showing concern about the situation in Prachaburi and hope for the end of the conflict as soon as possible to avoid heavy losses. 

The Kebir Blue Security Council sent a message to the Suriyan government to act compromisingly with the protesters and avoid the loss at the request of the rebels. However, the Suriyan government does not seem to comply with any requests.

Casualties

The casualties in the conflict are still debated in the number of rebels. There are claims that the government had killed 8,000 rebels, however, the government stated that they have suppressed the 3,000 rebels which are radicals and armed. While the remaining deaths claim to be caused by slaughter among themselves within the rebels before Operation Crimson Sword.

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