The definition of "Suriyathibodi" comes from two words: Suriyan (People of Suriya) and Tharathibodi (Sovereign). When combined, it becomes "Overlord of the Suriyan".
The Suriyans often called their current ruling monarch with the name "Somdet Phra Suriyathibodi" rather than calling their original name directly.
Formerly, the successor to the throne must be the oldest son of the king only, unless the king had no heirs. However, in the year 4671, the mass protest that resulted in the dethronement of King Rojrangsi. King Chaiakin along with the government had established the Royal Council of the Suriyan Throne in order to select suitable heirs of the monarch to become head of state.
The king performs important functions of the state as required by the constitution. This includes but is not limited to:
- Appointing the Prime Minister of Suriya and the Cabinet of Suriya.
- Convening over the opening of the two legislative bodies, the House of Representatives and the Senate.
- Serving as the Supreme Commander of the Royal Suriyan Armed Forces.
- Meeting with the Prime Minister on a monthly basis in which the King is briefed on matters of state.
- Receiving credentials from ambassadors.
- Possessing the power of commutation and pardon.
- Appointing a fixed number of members to serve on state institutions such as the Senate and the Constitutional Council.
- Awarding of honors.
- Performance of ceremonial functions.
List of Suriyan Monarchs
|Portrait||Title Name||Reign||Birth year||Real Name||Notes|
|Suriyathibodi I||4118-4158||4089||Boromathit the Great||
|Suriyathibodi VI||4232-4275||4207||Theprangsi the Great||
|Suriyathibodi XIII||4444-4499||4425||Athityakorn The Great||
Royal regaliaThe present set of the royal regalia of Suriya and the royal utensils was created mostly during the Suriyathibodi I and Suriyathibodi VI after the previous set was lost during the Fall of the Ayuchathani kingdom. The regalia is used mainly during the coronation ceremony of the king at the beginning of every reign.
- Great Nine-Tiered Umbrella - the most important regalia.
- Great Crown of the Suriyamahakasatmongkut - official headgear.
- Gown of the Great House of Bhanuwong - official gown.
- Sword of Mahaburuth- created under the command of Suriyathibodi I, represents military power.
- Royal Staff - the symbol of justice.
- Royal Slippers - official footwear made of gold.
- Rings of Noppharat - The only regalias of Suriya that survived from the Fall of the Ayuchathani kingdom.
- Weapons of sovereignty - including Long spear, the Trident, the Elephant goad, the Bow, and Musket.
- Emblem of the Kingdom of Suriya
- The Royal Flags
- The Suriyan Royal Anthem