Kormenian Cross

Kormenian Cross
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Ruthene Kormenian cross.
Heraldic tradition Ruthenia
Governing body Ruthene Heraldry Society

The Kormenian Cross is a national symbol of Ruthenia, part of the Coat of Arms of Ruthenia, and the flag of Ruthenia. It is believed to be based on the tetragrammatic cross emblem of the Selloi Doukelias, with the difference that in Ruthene usage the cross is usually gold on a red background, rather than white on a red background (though it can be depicted in white as well). It is composed of a cross symbol with four stylized letters Cyrillic "C"'s on each of its corners.

The Serbian tradition attributes the symbol to St. Demetrios, 9th century metropolitan of Terepesos and Archbishop of Beretea, one of the founders of the Council of Beretea and the first Ecumenical Patriarch. The actual origin of the beta (Β) symbols is with the Kormenian Emperors, most often attributed to the motto of the Kastarti: King of Kings, Ruling Over Kings (βασιλεὺς βασιλέων, βασιλεύων βασιλευόντων; Basileus Basileōn, Basileuōn Basileuontōn).


Crosses with firesteels have been used since Archaic times, as symbols, but not as coats of arms or emblems. Some historians connect it with the labarum, the Imperial flag of Hellena of Hispales (r. 306–337) In the 6th century the cross with four fields (with either letters or heraldry), tetragramme, appear on Selloi coins. The symbol was adopted by the First Kormenian kings since the foundation of Beretea. Emmanuel I adopted the symbol when he elevated Kormenia to a Empire, with the initials (letters β) of the imperial motto of the Kastarti dynasty: King of Kings, Ruling Over Kings (βασιλεὺς βασιλέων, βασιλεύων βασιλευόντων Basileus Basileōn, Basileuōn Basileuontōn).It was used in flags and coins. The symbol appear on the Imperial flag "Divelion" (διβελλιον), a naval war flag, used in front of all other banners, recorded by the Kormenian historian Pseudo-Kodinos wrongly as "a cross with fire-steels" (σταυρον μετα πυρεκβολων)

The four symbols surrounding the cross have thus been interpreted as either letters, or flints or firestones.

Modern Usage

The "Kormenian Cross" emblem of the Imperial family its used under the Daskalaris dynasty as a national symbol, began in 3216. According to Pedrag Stojakovic, it was used by numerous nobles after the fall of Kormenia. Alexios Doukas adopted the Kormenian cross as the military flag when forming the first units of the regular army in 2825. The Kormenian cross then appeared on all Kormenian coats of arms except in the times of Parsia, when the cross was removed by the church ban.

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