Suriya (Suriyan: สุริยา), officially the Kingdom of Suriya, is a country located in Kebir Blue on the southwest of Amherst Region, Centura Donna Continent. The capital and the largest city is Nawarat (Suriyan: กรุงนวรัตน์). Suriya is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The independence of Suriyan has endured for centuries and it has never been colonized in its history.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Foreign Relations
- 7 Culture
- 8 Sports
- 9 Public Holidays
The country has always been called "Prathet Chat" (Suriyan: ประเทศชาติ) by its citizens. By outsiders, it was usually known by the exonym Suriya. The word Suriya may have originated from ancient languages (S̄uriyā, “Sun”).
While Suriyan people will often refer to their country using the polite form "prathet Suriya" (Suriyan: ประเทศสุริยา), Ratcha Anachak Suriya (Suriyan: ราชอาณาจักรสุริยา) means "kingdom of Suriya" or "kingdom of Suriyan".
Ayuchathani Kingdom period
Nawarat Kingdom period
Modernization and centralization
Age of Dictatorships
The early history of Suriya since the government change was often tied to political problems and conflicts with neighboring countries. The democracy of Suriya is not stable enough due to the incompatibility of politicians. The economic and monetary conditions of Suriya continue to go downhill, as in many Amherst countries. Conservative and royalist governments do not have policies to fully support this issue, including nepotism and the influence of the noble descendants. These later resulted in the first coup d'état led by Field Marshal Tat Saeng Tawan and National Revolutionary Council. Since then, Suriya has been under a military regime.
In 4338, the government under Prime Minister Tat Saengtawan rapidly revised the new economic structure in order to develop the country to be up-to-date, comparable to the superpowers of that era. Various industries, whether the mining, construction, machinery, weapons and automobile industries are formed under parliament support and are officially patented.
The junta has raised departments to ministries with little reorganized administrative power. There was a new change in the civil servant structure, allowing more opportunities for civilians to participate. The Royal Suriyan Armed Forces were modernized, using the styles and training of the armed forces of the superpower nation as the military basis as well as uniforms and weapons. The change made the military expanded in both personnel and equipment which affected the country's finance the most at the time, but the government remained in control of the military's expenses.
Suriya, under the rule of Field Marshal Tat Saengtawan, was known as the age of nationalism and propaganda, but there was still quite a bit of resistance, whether it was a religious group, a democratic group, or even a socialist group. The junta has tried to suppress these groups to stabilize their power by using prejudice to accuse them and calling on the people to handle with those who oppose the government. As for the king, the junta remained loyal to him as the head of the country, but from another point of view, it is often said that the junta used the king as a puppet so that their power would not be directly threatened.
On October 4345, Suriya has begun to conflict with Primorye, a country formed after the fall of the Phalam empire that was wiped out by colonial Primorian. Border tensions escalated as the government of Primorian announced a new map of the country, which turned out that parts of Suriya territories had belonged to Primorye. The Suriyans see the actions of the Primorian government as a threat to the sovereignty of Suriya. They gathered together to demand the Prime Minister to quickly negotiate with Primorye. Although the negotiations ended with a newly revised map of Primorye. But the Primorian soldiers continue to cross the border and clash with the Suriyan army frequently.
Suriya remained neutral during the Great KB War. The king visits nations of both Independence Allies and Colonial Powers to prevent the invasion of both belligerents. Until January 4349, the Allies forces began to breaks through the Colonials and liberates numerous nations. Suriya later declared itself standing with the Allies and sent 5,000 troops to participate in the battlefield. The Great KB War ended on 13 November 4349 with the victory of the Allies. Suriya also get benefits from participation including technology, education, and economic cooperation. The Suriyan veterans from the Great KB War were called "Smiling Devils" because they will always smile whether in war or peaceful situations.
Field Marshal Tat Saengtawan served as prime minister for five terms and retired on December 4357 due to health conditions. He was replaced by his trusted successor, Field Marshal Krai Chaisinghkorn. Nevertheless Krai's abuse of power resulted in a 4360 coup staged by Field Marshal Singh Ekyothin, his son-in-law. The military regime of the three dictators finally ended in 4368 when Field Marshal Singh announced the dissolution of the council and resigned. Therefore the general election was held and the civilian government under unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy has returned to power once more.
In 4986, King Chotichai of Bhanuwong Dynasty was assassinated by the northeastern separatist movement. Without heirs, the government and member decided to chose Mom Chao Ravivajra, who is the descendant of King Theprangsi the great, to become the king. Despite protests from the member of Bhanuwong Dynasty, the strong influence of Ravivajra which was supported by the government, armed forces, and even the supreme patriarch, pressured the Bhanuwongs to accept his reign. The attempt coup by the member of Bhanuwong also being exposed within months. All perpetrators were later arrested and faced life imprisonment. Ravivajra had his crown prince marry the member of Bhanuwong in an attempt to decrease conflict and their power. Since the coronation, the king began to reform the royal traditions and was involved in the eradication of the separatists.
With the plentiful flooded areas and tropical monsoon climate making Suriya very suitable for farming and attracting settlers to the center of the land more than the highlands and mountains in the north and the plateau in the northeast.
Suriya's climate is influenced by monsoon winds that have a seasonal character (the southwest and northeast monsoon). The southwest monsoon, which starts from July until September is characterized by the movement of warm, moist air from the West Ocean to Suriya, causing abundant rain over most of the country. The northeast monsoon, starting from September until March brings cold and dry air from the north over most of Suriya. In southern Suriya, the northeast monsoon brings mild weather and abundant rainfall on the eastern coast of that region. Most of Suriya has a "tropical wet and dry or savanna climate" type. The south and the eastern tip of the east have a tropical monsoon climate.
Suriya has three seasons. The first is the rainy or southwest monsoon season which prevails over most of the country. This season is characterized by abundant rain with July and September being the wettest period of the year. This can occasionally lead to floods.
Topography and drainage
The most obvious topography of Suriya is the high mountains, the central lowlands, and the highlands of northern Suriya. The central plains are lowland areas that are drained by the Rung Saeng Thong river and sub-rivers. The Rung Saeng Thong and the Arun Saen Chai River are considered an important river system of the country. By the shoulder passed to the delta which is at the head of the Nawarat Bay. The Rung Saeng Thong River and the Arun Saen Chai River runs over one-third of the country.
The Rung Saeng Thong and the Arun Saen Chai River are the indispensable water courses of rural Suriya. Industrial-scale production of crops uses both rivers and their tributaries.
Natural gas, iron, copper, gold, sea salt, petroleum, tin, rubber, timber, fish, lead, fluorite, herbal medicines.
Government and Politics
The constitution stipulates that although the sovereignty of the state is vested in the people, the king will exercise such powers through the government. Under the constitution, the king is given very little power but remains a figurehead and symbol of the nation. As the head of state, however, he is given some powers and has a role to play in the workings of government. According to the constitution, the king is head of the armed forces. The monarchy and the royal family continue to command huge respect in Suriya, with its influence peaking especially during the reign of King Theprangsi the Great (Suriyathibodi VI) until the current era. The monarch's official home is the Maha Bhanuwong Palace in Nawarat.
However, the assassination of Chotithep ended the over 800 years rule of Bhanuwong Dynasty. Ravivajra of Suriyavudha Dynasty, one of the descendant of Theprangsi, ascend to the throne established the new era of the kingdom.
Government of Suriya is separated into three branches:
- The legislative branch: The traditional National Assembly is composed of the Senate, the 150-member fully appointed upper house, and House of Representatives, the 350-member lower house.
- The executive branch consisting of the Prime Minister of Suriya who was elected by the National Assembly and other cabinet members of up to 35 people. The cabinet was appointed by the king on the advice of the prime minister. The prime minister is the head of government.
- The judiciary is supposed to be independent of the executive and the legislative branches, although judicial rulings are suspected of being based on political considerations rather than on existing law.
In Suriya, the Supreme Patriarch of Suriya is the head of the Sangha (Buddhist Monks). The Supreme Patriarch will be appointed by the King of Suriya and co-signed by the Prime Minister, with deliberation of the Supreme Council of the Sangha, an administrative body of the Suriyan Sangha.
Suriya is divided into 17 provinces (จังหวัด, Changwat). The province is considered the first level of government which is a regional administrative unit that combines many districts together and is a juristic person in each province, governed by the governor. There is also one specially-governed district: the capital Nawarat. Nawarat is at the provincial level and thus often counted as a province.
The Royal Suriyan Armed Forces (กองทัพหลวงสุริยา) constitute the military of the Kingdom of Suriya. It consists of the: Royal Suriyan Army (กองทัพบกสุริยา), Royal Suriyan Navy (กองทัพเรือสุริยา), Royal Suriyan Air Force (กองทัพอากาศสุริยา), Thaluangfan Special Forces (หน่วยทะลวงฟัน), and Raja Ongkharak (หน่วยราชองครักษ์). The Armed Forces have combined manpower of 300,000 active duty personnel and another 200,000 reserve personnel. King of Suriya is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, however, this position is only nominal. The armed forces ostensibly managed by the Ministry of Defence of Suriya, which is headed by the minister of defense and commanded by the Royal Suriyan Armed Forces Headquarters, which in turn is headed by the Chief of the Defence Force.
According to the constitution, serving in the armed forces is a duty of all Suriyan citizens. However, only males over the age of 21, who have not gone through reserve training of the Army Reserve Student, are given the option of volunteering for the armed forces or participating in the random draft.
The Royal Suriyan Police (ตำรวจหลวงสุริยา) is the national police force of Suriya. The RSP employs between 200,000 and 220,000 officers. The Royal Suriyan Police frequently is recognized as the fourth armed force of Suriya as their tradition, concept, culture, skill, and training are relatively the same as the army.
The RSP has a duty to monitor, maintain, calm, arrest, and suppress illegal offenders and has a great responsibility in protecting to create peace for the citizens of the country.
Suriya is an emerging economy and is considered a newly industrialized country. Suriya is the 2nd largest economy in Southeast Amherst. Suriya functions as an anchor economy for the neighboring developing economies of nearby countries. In the third quarter of 4399, the unemployment rate in Suriya stood at 6.62% according to Suriya's National Economic.
Exporters and manufacturing
The economy of Suriya is heavily export-dependent, with exports accounting for more than two-thirds of gross domestic product (GDP). Major exports include cars, computers, electrical appliances, rice, textiles and footwear, fishery products, rubber, and jewelry. Substantial industries include electric appliances, components, computer components, and vehicles. As of 4396, the Suriyan automotive industry was the largest in Southeast Amherst. The Suriyan industry has an annual output of near 1.3 million vehicles, mostly commercial vehicles.
The National Railway of Suriya (NRS) operates all of Suriya's national rail lines. Nawarat Railway Station is the main terminus of all routes. Rail transport in Nawarat includes long-distance services, and some daily commuter trains running from and to the outskirts of the city during the rush hour, but passenger numbers have remained low. There are also three rapid transit rail systems in the capital. Other forms of road transport include tuk-tuks, taxis—as of December 4398, Suriya has 70,000+ registered taxis nationwide—vans (minibus), motorbike taxis, and songthaews. As of 4394, The busiest airport in the county is Nawarat's Suangsuwan Airport.
Tourism makes up about 7% of the country's economy. Suriya was the most visited country in Southeast Amherst in 4394, according to the World Tourism Organisation. The tourists in Amherst primarily visit Suriya for Nawarat and the historical, natural, and cultural sights in its vicinity. The tourists from other regions not only visit Nawarat and surroundings but in addition many travels to the southern beaches and islands. The north is the chief destination for trekking and adventure travel with its diverse ethnic minority groups and forested mountains. The region hosting the fewest tourists is Isan in the northeast. To accommodate foreign visitors, the Suriyan government established separate tourism police with offices in the major tourist areas and its own central emergency telephone number.
Suriya is a member of the Pnakotic Congressional Order and Southeast Amherst Alliance (SEAA).
Suriya participates fully in international and regional organizations. By developing close relationships with other Amherst neighbors whose foreign and economic ministers hold annual meetings. Regional co-operation is progressing in financial matters, exchange, banking, political, and culture.
After the end of the Lighthouse War, Suriya joined the KBSC-led support mission of Erusea, sending a 458-strong humanitarian contingent.
Suriya also held the "Viper Diamond", the largest Centura Donna military exercise, with many countries participating such as Ailuros, Imperial Union of Gaia, Fascisti Mandarr Imperium, People's Republic of Malizi, The Kingdom of Beautiful Swan, Kingdom of Erusea, Kingdom of Corona, The Republic of Kuyap and the Reprizian Republic.
One of the most distinctive Suriyan customs is wai. Used in greetings, leave-taking, or as an acknowledgment, it comes in many forms, reflecting the relative status of those involved. This salutation is often accompanied by a smile symbolizing a welcoming disposition and a pleasant attitude. Suriya is often referred to as the "kingdom of smiles".
Suriyan Cuisine blends five fundamental tastes: sweet, spicy, sour, bitter, and salty. Common ingredients used in Suriyan cuisine include garlic, chilies, lime juice, lemongrass, coriander, galangal, palm sugar, and fish sauce. The staple food in Suriya is rice, particularly pure rice (also known as "borisut" rice) which forms a part of almost every meal. Suriya was long the world's largest exporter of rice, and Suriyans domestically consume over 100 kg of milled rice per person per year.
"Piphat" is a kind of ensemble in the classical music of Suriya, which features wind and percussion instruments. It is considered the primary form of an ensemble for the interpretation of the most sacred and "high-class" compositions of the Suriyan classical repertoire.
The second major Suriyan classical ensemble is the "Mahori", traditionally played by women in the courts of both Central Suriya and Eastern Suriya. Historically the ensemble included smaller instruments more appropriate, it was thought, to the build of female performers. The ensemble, which is performed in three sizes-small, medium, and large—includes the three-string saw sam sai fiddle, a delicate-sounding, middle-range bowed lute with silk strings. Within the context of the Mahori ensemble, the So Sam Sai accompanies the vocalist, which plays a more prominent role in this ensemble than in any other classical Suriyan orchestra.
"Molam" is the dominant folk music of Suriya's north-eastern region. It has much in common with luk thung, such as its focus on the life of the rural poor. It is characterized by rapid-fire, rhythmic vocals and a funk feel to the percussion. The lead singer, also called a molam, is most often accompanied by the khaen, also known as khene.
Muay Suriya is a native form of kickboxing and Suriya's signature sport. It incorporates kicks, punches, knees, and elbow strikes in a ring with gloves similar to those used in modern boxing and this have led to Suriya gaining medals at the Olympic Games in boxing. Muay Suriya is referred to as the "Weapon of Eight Limbs", because it makes use of punches, kicks, elbows and knee strikes, thus using eight "points of contact", as opposed to "two points" (fists) in boxing and "four points" (hands and feet) used in other more regulated combat sports, such as kickboxing and savate. A practitioner of Muay Suriya is known as a Nak Muay.
Apart from Muay Suriya, one of the most popular sport in Suriya is football. The Suriya national football team (SYFA) is ranked among the best in the Kebir Blue according to the KBFFA World Rankings.
The Suriya national team has various nicknames include: "Crimson Squad", "Sun Warriors" and "Centura Donna Devil".
||January 9th||Commemorates the establishment of the Suriyavong Dynasty and the founding of Nawarat by King Boromathit in 4118.|
|Commemorates the founding of the War Veterans Organization of Suriya. Remembrance ceremonies are held at the Monument of the Sacrifice.|
||March 12th||Celebrates the founding of the Royal Suriyan Armed Forces. The military parade marches through the Maha Rangsima Grand Palace and salutes the king.|
||October 18th||Commemorates the passing of King Theprangsi the Great in 4275. He was the monarch of Suriya, who can protect the country from the clutches of the imperialists.|
||December 31st||The final day of the solar year.|